Archives for category: agriculturally modern

It is that time of year to start those seeds! Go ahead, and break out the one of those tacky plant stands with the big fluorescent lights, and…wait. Do we really have to have an ugly start to the growing season? I can’t stand most of the plant-growing shelves out there. Sure, I could just set plant trays on the floor, but they get trampled by dogs and slept on by cats (Yes, my crazy cat has used them as beds before). So I have to keep them off the ground, and need a good way to do that, that doesn’t look hideously ugly and take up space in my tiny house all year-round.

My solution was a collapsible, minimalist, modern seed-starting shelf made from some basic materials I found around the house and the local hardware store. Everyone’s shelf will be a little bit different depending on what you have available in terms of space and materials, but I hope this article gives you some inspiration for building your own super-cool shelf. We won’t get into the details of starting seeds, but I’ll make sure that you look good while doing it.

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Building such a shelf

The first year is the most difficult as you have to build and set up the shelf. (I know life is rough sometimes.) But once you have your little masterpiece developed, it will be so easy every year after that. So go ahead and get started, and keep these things in mind:

Find the best location first | You know what they say about seed real estate? Warm, warm, warm. You want your seed-starting area to be somewhere that is as warm and as sunny as possible. It is also nice if it is a place that is easy for moving the seed trays out into the sun on those nice days. Other considerations include how close it is to an outlet (for plugging in seed-warming mats and potentially lights) and how much traffic the area receives (so how much are people and animals going to be bumping into it). The best location for my home is on the southwest corner of the house in area right by the patio door, but still not in the main path of traffic.

Design your shelf based on location | Once you decide on the area, then you can figure out the right shelf construction. Is there a way for the shelf to hang? Will it work best standing on the floor? Do some sketches (no they don’t have to look good as long as you can understand them) and realize that you’re not engineering a shelving system to hold several hundred pounds, but something that will generally hold up plant trays. For my shelf, I realized that the post-thingy between two ceiling beams would be a great tool for just hanging a set of shelves. With my tongue-and-groove ceilings, I could have also put hooks in the seams so I could remove them later without having to stare at ugly holes the rest of the year.

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Get the shelf materials | You can get a fancy or as cheap as you like with materials. On the fancy side, you could get some mahogany or cedar, and stain them. You could also use some nice rusty metal or even acrylic for a sleek look. I salvaged my boards from some old shelves in our hallway closets. I also got some heavy gauge wire to suspend the shelf (the heavy gauge is purely for looks, my engineer husband noted that I probably needed a much lighter-weight wire) and wire rope u-clamps to secure the shelves on the wire. Think of what cool hardware you could use on your shelves. I highly recommend wandering around the hardware section at your local hardware store, and finding fun pieces to use. I’m always amazed at what hardware exists and you can use a piece for many different purposes beyond its original purpose—and you will give the hardware employees a good laugh as you try to explain to them what you’re building.

I also got CMU blocks to help secure the wire rope and keep the shelves from swinging around too much, as well as some felt to put on the bottom of them to keep the blocks from scratching the wood floors.

Get the planting materials | After many years of trying to skimp on this, and failing at seed starting as a result, I don’t go cheap on planting materials.  You’re going to need:

  • Standard flats (Without holes! Unless you want to water the rest of your house when you water your plants.)
  • Plug trays
  • Clear humidity domes to help keep in warmth and moisture
  • Seedling heat mats
  • Some towels that look good with your decor
  • Really nice seed-starting soil
  • Seeds (obvious, but you know someone out there would forget if I didn’t put it in there)

Good ahead and invest some decent planting trays and covers—think commercial-grade. Get the seed heating pads (if you have a chilly mid-century modern home like mine) as heat is critical to get most seeds going. And get some stylish or at least matching cheap towels (or use some of your formerly nice, but slightly worn out towels) to throw over your humidity domes in the early days. (Again, most seeds don’t need light as much as heat to get them started.) Home Depot-esque seeds are good, but get funky with your seeds by exploring the billions of cool seed sites out there. And last, but definitely not least, get nice soil meant for seed starting—don’t just pull out some crusty potting soil you bought a few years ago.

Create! | Now, the fun starts. If you’re following the model I used, simply drill holes that are large enough to fit the wire through the shelf (Inset them an inch or so from the corners). Yes, this will likely require a drill for most normal humans. And, getting on my tool soapbox for a moment, every person, or least every household, needs to have a drill with a bunch of bits. (Trust me, you’ll never regret buying a drill.) You’ll also need the drill, with some masonry bits, to make holes through the masonry blocks. Then secure some eye-hooks in the amazing masonry holes you drilled. Cut the wire rope to the right length—make sure you have enough to make it through the masonry hooks plus another couple of feet—and secure the cut ends (wrapping duck tape tightly around them does the trick).

Setting up the shelf

To set up the shelf, hang the wires, and start threading the wire through the shelf holes. After you get each shelf threaded, thread on some wire rope u-clamps, and get the shelf to about the height you want it and tighten the clamps just until they hold up the shelf. Repeat for the remaining shelves (I space them about 12 inches apart). Once you have all the shelves up, then you can do some fine-tuning to get them level. Get a level, (another tool I know, or you can eyeball it) and check the level on all four sides, move the u-clamps up and down as needed. Repeat for the remaining shelves. Once all of your shelves are up and leveled, loop one end of the wire rope through a u-clamp, then the masonry hook, and feed the end of the wire back through the u-clamp you just put on. Lightly tighten the u-clamp, and repeat for the remaining masonry hooks. After getting all the wires secured, loosen the u-clamps one at a time, and then start to pull the wire rope tighter and re-tighten the u-clamp to hold it in place. Keep adjusting until the shelf feels secure.

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Once the shelves are set up you can start loading them with fun trays. I won’t get into the specifics of planting seed trays, but some things to keep in mind as you load them on the shelves:

  • Wrap heating pad cords | To keep the heating pads from getting pulled off the shelf by a stray dog tail or diabolical cat, I just loop the heating pad cord around the wire rope before letting it drape down the shelf unit. It also keeps things a little cleaner looking.
  • Use an extension cord | Instead of having 20 cords running to the outlet, I plug all of the heating pad wires into a power strip on the bottom shelf, and just run one cord to the outlet.
  • Use matching towels | As you first start out your seeds, you want things to be nice and warm. I cover my seed trays with towels that match my decor to help keep them warm. Just fold each one nicely and place it on top of the humidity dome.

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And that’s all you need to do. So simple isn’t it? Well, once you are done starting your seeds, simply take down the shelving and stow everything away until next season. With some simple cleaning of the plant trays, you should be able to use those next year as well. And you won’t have to dread looking at an ugly plant-starting shelf ever again.

H. Christine Richards is a landscape designer specializing in mid-century and agriculturally modern landscapes in Denver, Colorado. You may reach her at hchristinerichards@hotmail.com.  

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So you purchased—or perhaps built—some awesome planters. Hooray! Planters are easy to fill with great stuff in the summer, but if you don’t live in a tropical paradise, what happens with those planters the rest of the year? With the cold comes the opportunity to start anew and create some fall, winter and spring interest. This article discusses some ways to build year-round interest in your planters.  

Make sure your summer foliage lasts as long as possible.

This article doesn’t focus specifically on how to fill summer planters, (We’ll get to that topic once it warms up a bit!) but when you’re planting your containers for summer, a first step to building year-round interest is to think about how those summer plants will look as things roll into fall. There are a couple of things that you need to keep in mind as your work on summer plantings: (1) prepare your cold-snap arsenal and (2) get some plants that will look good even after they die. Let’s look at each of these in a little bit more detail:

  • Prepare your cold-snap arsenal | My summer plantings lasted well into the fall by putting the planters on rollers. When we get those early frosts I can roll them inside the house or into a more protected part of the yard, such as under an eave or near a warm side of the house. You can attach the rollers directly to some planters (you could get wheels such as these at a place like your local hardware store) or you can set your containers on rolling plant caddies like this one. To complete my arsenal, I also got frost covers (something like this) to help with light frosts. With the frost covers I simply trim them to the right size and put them over the plants. Be sure to tuck the edges of the frost cover into the pot, to create a seal around the plants.
  • Get some good-looking dead plants | Also, think about what your summer plants will leave behind once they die. Some plants turn to mush once they freeze, (think about really fleshy plants like tomatoes, impatiens or banana plants) but others hold their shape quite nicely. For example, when grasses die, they can leave behind very pleasant foliage. Eucalyptus dries to a nice shape. Just keep them in the containers for winter interest. And as more tender plants begin to die during frosts, don’t just rip out everything in the container. Pull out more tender plants as they die, and slowly decrease the number of plants in a container. Once the containers start to look a little sparse, then you can start to fill them with things that will look good during the winter.

Fill the planters with free winter interest.

Which brings us to what can you add to your planters in the winter. Contrary to popular belief (at least what I think is popular belief given all the sad empty planters I see during the winter) you can have a lot of fun with planters in the winter. And, amazingly, it doesn’t have to cost much or anything to fill them.

I like to fill my containers with fun free winter items that I find in my yard, or perhaps in a neighbor’s overgrown yard. Think about things like evergreens—including broadleaf evergreens—that could use a trimming, such as euonymus, pines or junipers. Or perhaps nice twigs, such as red-twig dogwoods or birches. Or something with some winter fruit or berries, like some hawthorns and crabtrees. Or cool grasses somewhere else in the yard. Or maybe some pinecones. The list goes on and on.

Once you gather up these items, the key is not just to pile them up in a container. Arrange them in some way that is appealing. Maybe there is a cluster of juniper with some sprigs of eucalyptus peeking out from the junipers. Maybe a spray of twigs and grass nestled in some northern white pine branches. Or maybe you get abstract and line up with pinecones in a grid pattern. Whatever you do, just make it look purposeful. Below are a few pics of winter interest planters.

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For those of you with some money to spare, small living evergreens can also be nice touches. You could leave them in the pots you bought them in, so you easily take them in and out of your larger containers (think large-scale bonsai project). You could certainly toss the evergreens when you’re done with them, but you could also store them in another part of the yard during the summer. Or maybe those living evergreens can even stay in your containers year-round as you change out the plantings around them.

Get a jumpstart on spring.

When you’re filling your planters with winter interest, don’t forget to think about spring. Think about tulips or other bulbs that could introduce early spring color as winter foliage starts to fade. Depending on your region, plant bulbs in the fall or early spring (some bulbs need chilling time, and others come pre-chilled for warmer places) For cheapskates like me, I’m going to throw some wheatgrass on my planters in the early spring to provide some green that the yard so desperately needs that time of year. Any seed that sprouts early can add interest. I’m also considering doing some lettuces to what happens with them (and I can roll my containers inside if things get a little chilly).

Make indoor-outdoor containers.

Another approach to maintaining year-round interest in your planters is to make them indoor-outdoor containers. You can fill your containers with tropical plants, keep them in the house during the winter, and then send them outside in the spring. In summer, you can add some additional plants to the containers to fill them out, such as coleus and impatiens. Some traditional “outdoor” plants, such as geraniums, can also make cool indoor plants that bloom year-round. One of the coolest successes I’ve seen with this approach is one fall when we lugged a 10-foot banana tree inside just as it was getting ready to flower (and a frost was approaching). We ended up getting some bananas that winter. Now that’s a good way to help keep the depths of winter at bay!

Just make sure the planters are something that you can actually move around. (Planters get amazingly heavy.) And you also need to make sure that the planters have the right drainage for indoor-outdoor use. You don’t want a bunch of water getting all over your floor! (Not that I have ever done this.)

Well, there are some ideas on ways to add interest year-round to planters.

H. Christine Richards is a landscape designer specializing in mid-century and agriculturally modern landscapes in Denver, Colorado. You may reach her at hchristinerichards@hotmail.com.